- Directly related to trial, acquisition is what marketers call it when you try something and like it. When you click on a banner offering a discount on CDs at
CDNow, that's a trial. If you buy something after clicking,
you've been acquired. If you're lucky, you'll start receiving great deals on the music you love (also known as "conversion").
- One reason dynamic HTML (dHTML) is called dynamic is its ability to heighten the
interactive experience. Because dHTML can utilize each action of the user (a
mouseclick, a rollover, a keystroke), it provides a rich and transparent way to process this data. Before
click of the mouse can be the action that launches a new window to give or receive further data.
- Apache is Unix-based, open-source Web server that is used to host about half the sites on the Internet. Originally, Apache was a Unix product, but now versions for Windows, OS/2 and other platforms exist. As with most open-source projects, there are numerous add-ons
and tailored versions of the server available, which are created using the Apache module API. The name comes from its origins as a series of "patch files."
- The application program interface (API) is a set of building blocks for programmers. It is made up of routines, protocols, and tools. Most operating environments provide an API so that programmers can write applications consistent with that environment. For example,
developing software using the Windows API ensures that your user interface will be consistent with other Windows applications, making it easier for users to learn your new programs.
- Derived from the word archive, Archie is a Net-based service
that allows you to locate files that can be downloaded via FTP.
- In Web design, architecture means the arrangement of a Web site's components. Taking the analogy of a physical building, if a Web site's individual pages are rooms, its architecture is the hypertextual relationship between the rooms within the structure.
- An array is an indexed collection of data values. If an array is named monkey and i is an integer, then
refer to other arrays, objects, or functions. Arrays that are indexed by strings instead of integers (for example,
monkey[matt] as opposed to monkey) are called associative arrays.
- (pronounced "Ask-ee") An acronym for American Standard
Code for Information Exchange, ASCII is an international standard in
which numbers, letters, punctuation marks, symbols and control codes
are assigned numbers from 0 to 127. Easily transferred over networks,
ASCII is a plain, unadorned text without style or font specifications.
and outputs standard HTML. ASP is typically used to perform database access or other interactive functions that are interpreted by Microsoft’s Internet information server
(IIS). Read Webmonkey's
Introduction to ASP for a more opinionated look at this Microsoft tech.
- The type of connection a modem makes over a phone line, this
connection is not synchronized by a mutual timing signal or clock.
- AU Sounds
- This is an audio format developed for Sun workstations and often
used to distribute sound clips via the Web.
- Awareness is how well-known a company, brand, or product is. Companies will typically set a goal for awareness (say, 80 percent of their target audience will recognize the brand name), and then spend as smartly as they can towards that goal.
- The range of transmission frequencies a network can use. The greater
the bandwidth the more information that can be transferred over that
network at one time. The term bandwidth also broadly includes
throughput, meaning the amount of data sent.
- A file conversion format that converts binary files to ASCII text
- A contraction of binary digit, a bit is the smallest unit of
information that a computer can hold. Eight bits is equivalent to a
byte. The speed at which bits are transmitted or bit rate is usually
expressed as bits per second or bps.
- A type of software that allows you to navigate information
databases; examples are Netscape Navigator and NCSA Mosaic.
- The number of bits used to represent a character.
- A computer that has access to services over a computer network. The
computer providing the services is a server. Note: in an X-11
environment, the meanings of client and server are reversed.
- Client-Server Architecture
- An information-passing scheme that works as follows: a client
program, such as Mosaic, sends a request to a server. The server takes
the request, disconnects from the client and processes the request.
When the request is processed, the server reconnects to the client
program and the information is transferred to the client. This
architecture differs from traditional Internet databases where the
client connects to the server and runs the program from the remote
site. Note: in an X-11 environment, the meanings of client and
server are reversed.
- This is a general-purpose computer term that can refer to the way
you have your computer set up. It is also used to describe the total
combination of hardware components that make up a computer system and
the software settings that allow various hardware components of a
computer system to communicate with one another.
- The act of changing software or hardware actions by changing the
- Dial-up Connection
- The most popular form of Net connection for the home user, this is a
connection from your computer to a host computer over standard
- Direct Connection
- A permanent connection between your computer system and the
Internet. This is sometimes referred to as a leased-line connection
because the line is leased from the telephone company.
- An acronym for Domain Name Server, DNS refers to a database of
Internet names and addresses which translates the names to the
official Internet Protocol numbers and vice versa.
- When used in reference to the World Wide Web, a document is any file
containing text, media or hyperlinks that can be transferred from an
HTTP server to a client program.
- To transfer to your computer a copy of a file that resides on
- DS3 service is a digital, dedicated private-line service giving you
high capacity for any combination of data, voice or video
applications. The versatility of DS3 makes it ideal for data-intensive
users with large backbone applications or private networks requiring
channelized transport. The point-to-point structure of DS3 Service
affords greater economies of scale by combining 28 DS1s or 672
separate 64 Kbps channels onto one communications path.
- This is the acronym for Frequently Asked Questions. A common feature
on the Internet, FAQs are files of answers to commonly asked
questions. Read FAQs before wasting electrons asking obvious
questions. Saves you from receiving flames.
- This term refers to security measures designed to protect a
networked system from unauthorized or unwelcome access.
- File Transfer Protocol is a protocol that allows the transfer of
files from one computer to another. FTP is also the verb used to
describe the act of transferring files from one computer to another.
- This acronym stands for Graphic Interchange Format, a commonly used
file compression format developed by CompuServe for transferring
graphics files to and from online services.
- A menu-oriented tool used to locate online resources developed at
the University of Minnesota.
- Home Page
- The document displayed when you first open your Web browser. Home
Page can also refer to the first document you come to at a Web site.
- A computer acting as an information or communications server.
- An acronym for HyperText Markup Language, HTML is the language used
to tag various parts of a Web document so browsing software will know
how to display that document's links, text, graphics and attached
- HTML Document
- A document written in HyperText Markup Language.
- The abbreviation for Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTTP is used to
link and transfer hypertext documents.
- This term describes the system that allows documents to be cross-
linked in such a way that the reader can explore related documents by
clicking on a highlighted word or symbol.
- Inline Images
- These are the graphics contained within a Web document.
- The abbreviation for Internet Protocol, IP refers to the set of
communication standards that control communications activity on the
Internet. An IP address is the number assigned to any
- The acronym for Joint Photographic Experts Group, JPEG is an image
compression format used to transfer color photographs and images over
computer networks. Along with GIF, it's one of the most common ways
photos are moved over the Web.
- These are the hypertext connections between Web pages. This is a
synonym for hotlinks or hyperlinks.
- An acronym for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, MIME is a
messaging standard that allows Internet users to exchange e-mail
messages enhanced with graphics, video and voice. MIME file types are
also used in Mosaic.
- The acronym for Moving Pictures Expert Group, MPEG is an
international standard for video compression and desktop movie
presentation. A special viewing application is needed to run MPEG
files on your computer.
- This is the abbreviation for National Center for Supercomputing
Applications at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign.
- The abbreviation for Network File System, NFS is a protocol suite
developed and licensed by Sun Microsystems that allows different makes
of computers running different operating systems to share files and
- The abbreviation for Network Information Center, NIC is an
organization responsible for supplying information for component
networks that comprise the Internet.
- NIC Handle
- When you register a domain with InterNIC, they give you a special ID
called a handle. When you register subsequent sites it's a good idea
to use the initial NIC handle, or else they'll assign you another one.
It only matters when you want to update registration information, it
allows you to make changes in one place instead of having to change
the registration individually for every domain you have.
- The abbreviation for Network Operations Center, NOC is the
organization responsible for the day-to-day operations of the
Internet's component networks.
- A device attached to a network. A node uses the network as a means
of communication and has an address on the network.
- Our OC3 service is a super high speed service with 155 megabits per
second (compare with a T1 at 1.5 megabits per second, or T3 at 45
megabits per second). OC3 is equivalent to 100 T1s or three T3s.
- An acronym for Point of Presence, POP is a service provider's
location for connecting to users. Generally, POPs refer to the
location where people can dial into the provider's host computer. Most
providers have several POPs to allow low-cost access via telephone
- The abbreviation for Point-to-Point Protocol, PPP is an Internet
connection where phone lines and a modem can be used to connect a
computer to the Internet.
- A set of standards that define how traffic and communications are
handled by a computer or network routers.
- A communications device designed to transmit signals via the most
efficient route possible.
- Search Engine
- This term refers to a program that helps users find information in
- A computer system that manages and delivers information for client
computers. Note: in an X-11 environment, the meanings of client and
server are reversed.
- This is a communication mechanism originally implemented on the BSD
version of the UNIX operating system. Sockets are used as endpoints
for sending and receiving data between computers.
- The basic protocols controlling applications on the Intn the
Internet; it stands for "transmission control protocol/Internet
- This is the abbreviation for Uniform Resource Locator, the
addressing system used in the World Wide Web and other Internet
resources. The URL contains information about the method of access,
the server to be accessed and the path of any file to be accessed.
- The abbreviation for Wide Area Information Service, WAIS is a
Net-wide system for looking up specific information in Internet
- WAIS gateway
- This term refers to a computer that is used to translate WAIS data
so it can be made available to an otherwise incompatible network or
application. Mosaic must use a WAIS gateway.